A Musical Instrument by Elizabeth Barrett Browning - Poem Analysis (2022)

‘A Musical Instrument’ by Elizabeth Barrett Browning is a seven stanza poem that is separated into sets of six lines, or sestets. Each of these sestets confirms to a consistent and structured rhyme scheme, following the pattern of abaccb. From stanza to stanza only the fourth and fifth lines change end sounds. That means there is a significant amount of repetition with the use of the words “Pan” and “river” and those with the same endings. Browning has done this deliberately to make the text as musical as possible. It is meant to reference the music inherent to the subject matter.

A reader should also take note of the fact that Browning numbered the stanzas herself with Roman numerals. This is a classical technique that has largely fallen out of style.

A Musical Instrument by Elizabeth Barrett Browning - Poem Analysis (1)

Explore A Musical Instrument

  • 1 Summary
  • 2 Mythological Background
  • 3 Analysis of A Musical Instrument

Summary

‘A Musical Instrument’ by Elizabeth Barrett Browning describes the decimation of a riverbed and the crafting of the god Pan’s famous flute.

The poem begins with the speaker describing how the god Pan is in the river, searching for something. He is destroying the lilies and scaring off the dragonflies. His actions are violent and show complete disregard for anything other than himself. In the story on which this piece is based, the god is seeking out a reed that was once a woman he attempted to rape.

He finds the reed, cuts it to the right size, and crafts it into a flute that makes the most beautiful music. The speaker concludes the poem by condemning Pan for his violence.

Mythological Background

Additionally, some background information is necessary for one to complete a full and accurate reading of ‘A Musical Instrument’. In the first line, the speaker references the “great god Pan.” He is said to be “Down in the reeds.” This character is the main subject of Browning’s poem. He is the god of the wild, flocks, and rustic music. He is often depicted with a seven-part flute which features prominently in this text.

In the mythological record, it is said that Pan fell in love with and pursued a wood-nymph Syrinx. She attempted to escape his advances and in order to save her from him, her sisters turned her into a reed. Pan was troubled by this as he could not figure out which reed, of which there were many, she had become. Rather than searching, he cut out seven pieces and fashioned them into the flute that now carries his name.

Analysis of A Musical Instrument

Stanza One

I.

WHAT was he doing, the great god Pan,

Down in the reeds by the river ?

Spreading ruin and scattering ban,

Splashing and paddling with hoofs of a goat,

(Video) A musical instrument by Elizabeth Barrett Browning

And breaking the golden lilies afloat

With the dragon-fly on the river.

In the first stanza of ‘A Musical Instrument’ the speaker is seen to be observing, and wondering over, the actions of the “great god Pan.” Pan is known as the god of rustic music, shepherds, and flocks of sheep. For more information on his background, and the mythological context of this piece, see the Mythological Background section. He is in the reeds “by the river,” searching for something. As the story goes, it is the reed into which Syrinx the wood-nymph was transformed he is seeking.

The speaker is not aware of this context and is only able at this point to speculate about what is occurring. The god is described as being desperate. His searching is wild and out of control. The reeds are being ruined and he is “scattering ban.” This word is used to mean “curses.” He is outraged by the transformation of Syrinx and determined to figure out which reed she has become.

The next lines give detail to the god himself. Browning conforms to the traditional image of Pan. He is usually depicted with the “hoofs of a goat” and the upper torso of a man. In this form, he is able to do more damage to the plant life in the water. In particular, he is breaking apart of the “golden lilies” and scaring off the “dragon-fly.”

Stanza Two

II.

He tore out a reed, the great god Pan,

From the deep cool bed of the river :

The limpid water turbidly ran,

And the broken lilies a-dying lay,

And the dragon-fly had fled away,

Ere he brought it out of the river.

In the second stanza, the story progresses further. Here the speaker witnesses the “great god” tearing out “a reed from the “deep cool bed of the river.” He is disrupting the peace of the ecosystem in a very violent way. It references the violence with which he meant to assault Syrinx in the original text. The metaphor continues with the water being described as “limpid,” or clear, it cannot do anything to stop the god from taking what he wants expect continue to run.

Around the feet of the god, there are “broken lilies,” now dying. He has destroyed them in his chaotic search for the reed he wants. Despite the damage done, Pan has managed to pull out a reed from the water. He brought it from the safety of the “deep cool bed,” into his own ill-meaning hand.

Stanza Three

III.

(Video) A Musical Instrument Explanation POETIC DEVICES Ace With Aster by Elizabeth Barrett Browoning

High on the shore sate the great god Pan,

While turbidly flowed the river ;

And hacked and hewed as a great god can,

With his hard bleak steel at the patient reed,

Till there was not a sign of a leaf indeed

To prove it fresh from the river.

In the third stanza of ‘A Musical Instrument’, the speaker describes how Pan has moved from the water to the “shore. He sits there and the river flows below him. It is “turbid” or cloudy now. His splashing and searching have done away with its clear surface mentioned in the second stanza.

The god, having retrieved that which he was so desperate for, is now “hack[ing]” and “hew[ing]” it with his knife. He is cutting off all the leaves from its edges until it is a simpler shape. This process removes all traces of the reed’s previous location. It no longer looks like it came from the river at all, even less than it is “fresh.”

As expected, the god has transformed through his will alone, the reed that he believes was once Syrinx. If he could not have her as a woman, he will have her now as a reed.

Stanza Four

IV.

He cut it short, did the great god Pan,

(How tall it stood in the river !)

Then drew the pith, like the heart of a man,

Steadily from the outside ring,

And notched the poor dry empty thing

(Video) A Musical Instrument|Elizabeth Barrett Browning|Summary|Lyrical Ballads

In holes, as he sate by the river.

Continuing on, the speaker describes how Pan cuts the reed “short.” He trims it down to a more pleasing size. This is a fact that disturbs the speaker who exclaims, “How tall it stood in the river!” It used to be grand and beautiful, now it has been taken down to a remnant of its former self.

Pan’s intentions for the reed are becoming clear as he draws “the pith” from it. This refers to its central tissue. He pulls out the center of the reed so it is hollow. This is a traumatic thing for the speaker to witness. It is described as being similar to pulling “the heart of a man.”

The next thing Pan does is to “notch” holes into the “poor dry empty thing.” With this, he is able to make it into the first part of his flute. He does this nonchalantly while sitting “by the river.”

Stanza Five

V.

This is the way,’ laughed the great god Pan,

Laughed while he sate by the river,)

The only way, since gods began

To make sweet music, they could succeed.’

Then, dropping his mouth to a hole in the reed,

He blew in power by the river.

In the fifth stanza, the god laughs over the work he has done. He is pleased with himself and thinks that this is “The only way” to “make sweet music.”

At this point, he lowers his “mouth to a hole” and blows into it. It has been crafted into the desired form and is now being used as he pleases.

Stanza Six

VI.

Sweet, sweet, sweet, O Pan !

(Video) A Musical Instrument || Elizabeth Barrett Browning | analysis

Piercing sweet by the river !

Blinding sweet, O great god Pan !

The sun on the hill forgot to die,

And the lilies revived, and the dragon-fly

Came back to dream on the river.

In the second to last stanza of ‘A Musical Instrument’, the impact of the music is felt throughout the river and its surrounding banks. The speaker now refers to the Pan as “Sweet, sweet, sweet.” It is impossible not to compare this description to the previous moments of destruction and defilement. Through repetition, the speaker is ironically acknowledging a general change in his perception. Now that he is able to produce something beautiful he is regarded as being “sweet.”

He is “Piercing” the river with his sweetness and “Blinding” those who hear his music with joy.

Stanza Seven

VII.

Yet half a beast is the great god Pan,

To laugh as he sits by the river,

Making a poet out of a man :

The true gods sigh for the cost and pain, —

For the reed which grows nevermore again

As a reed with the reeds in the river.

In the final stanza of ‘A Musical Instrument’, the speaker returns fully to describing Pan as something closer to a beast than man. In fact, the speaker immediately notes that he is “half a beast.” This is evident through the way he is able to “sit by the river” and laugh. Other gods, those the speaker respects more and sees as being “true” would “sigh” at the sight of “pain.” They are not as cruel as Pan is.

(Video) Analysis of A Musical Instrument by Elizabeth Barrett Browning

The final two lines mourn for the loss of the reed. It will never “grow…again” alongside its “reeds in the river.” It is important to remember that this entire piece is taken from a story in which in an attempt to escape rape, a woman is transformed into that same reed. This fact can transform the entire poem from being a message on the care for all living things, to the brutalization and domination of women.

FAQs

What kind of poem is a musical instrument? ›

'A Musical Instrument' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning describes the decimation of a riverbed and the crafting of the god Pan's famous flute. 'A Musical Instrument' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning is a seven stanza poem that is separated into sets of six lines, or sestets.

What was he doing the great god Pan down in the reeds by the river? ›

What was he doing, the great god Pan, Down in the reeds by the river? Spreading ruin and scattering ban, Splashing and paddling with hoofs of a goat, And breaking the golden lilies afloat With the dragon-fly on the river.

What is Elizabeth Barrett Browning style of poetry? ›

Elizabeth Barrett Browning's poetic form encompasses lyric, ballad and narrative, while engaging with historical events, religious belief and contemporary political opinion. Dr Simon Avery considers how her experimentation with both the style and subject of her poetry affected its reception during the 19th century.

What was he doing the great god Pan meaning? ›

The ultimate goal of the doctor is to open the mind of a patient so that they may experience the spiritual world, an experience he notes the ancients called "seeing the great god Pan". He performs the experiment, which involves minor brain surgery, on a young woman named Mary.

What is the theme of the poem the musical instrument? ›

The poem represents the mythical story of god Pan and the syrinx. She compares herself with the Pan who created music out of reed. She struggled against societal themes just like Pan tore out reeds from the river. She made the best art like Pan made beautiful music from with the instrument.

What is the moral of the poem the musical instrument? ›

There would have been no need to the lilies to be revived or the dragon-flies to come back if Pan had not driven away to begin with. The main lesson of this poem is that wherever there is beauty, there may also be pain or destruction.

What did the reed do when he cruel? ›

Answer. Answer: He tore out a reed, the great god Pan, From the deep cool bed of the river : The limpid water turbidly ran, ... Here the speaker witnesses the “great god” tearing out “a reed from the “deep cool bed of the river.” He is disrupting the peace of the ecosystem in a very violent way.

Why did he need the reed how was his music? ›

Answer. Answer: He needed the Reed to make a musical instrument.

Why head pain come to the river what was he looking for? ›

Answer: pan had come to the river for searching something and he was frantic in his searching until he found it. He was searching a reed.

What was Elizabeth Barrett Browning themes? ›

While more conservative women poets wrote about nature, pious religion or the domestic space, Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote about industrialisation, slavery, political leadership, religious controversy, the problems faced by women in society, and what it was like to live in the modern world.

What is Elizabeth Barrett Browning's most famous poem? ›

"How Do I Love Thee?" (Sonnet 43) is probably Barrett Browning's most famous poem today. The victim of a thousand wedding readings, it is part of her Sonnets from the Portuguese cycle, and was written during her courtship with Robert Browning.

What was Elizabeth Barrett Browning's motivation to be a poet? ›

Elizabeth Barrett Browning was intrinsically motivated to be a poet, as she was inspired in childhood by the imaginative works of the neo-Classical author Alexander Pope, the Romantic poet Lord Byron, and the Classical writer Homer.

What creature was Pan? ›

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (/pæn/; Ancient Greek: Πάν, romanized: Pán) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr.

Who wrote the poem a musical instrument? ›

Among all female poets of the English-speaking world in the 19th century, none was held in higher critical esteem or was more admired for the independence and courage of her views than Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

How long is the Great God Pan? ›

The average reader will spend 7 hours and 28 minutes reading this book at 250 WPM (words per minute). How quickly can you read this book?

What is the summary of poetry? ›

poetry, Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through its meaning, sound, and rhythm.

What was the poor dry empty thing? ›

Answer. Answer: The "poor, dry empty thing" is a flute, fashioned by Pan from a reed near the river.

Which musical instruments are mentioned in the 2nd stanza? ›

Which musical instruments are mentioned in the 2nd stanza? Ans. The musical instruments mentioned are trumpets, harp, flute and mandolin.

How do I love the? ›

How do I love thee? || Poem by Elizabeth Barrett Browning (Sonnet ...

What is the theme of the poem Poetry by Marianne Moore? ›

Marianne Moore's “Poetry” is an investigation into the mysterious art of poetry. At times ironic and serious, Moore considers the opposing methods by which poets convey the world: intellection and imagination. Moore explores the ways poetry appeals to our conscious thoughts and our unconscious feelings.

Is a musical instrument? ›

A musical instrument is a device created or adapted to make musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can be considered a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. A person who plays a musical instrument is known as an instrumentalist.

Why does Mrs. Reed dislike Jane? ›

Reed's jealously and selfishness. She cannot love Jane because she is jealous of the affection that her husband had for Jane and for Jane's mother. Mrs. Reed is possessive and protective of her resources and is unwilling to share them with anyone other than her own children.

Why do the reeds hate Jane? ›

Mrs Reed hates Jane because she has been foisted upon them and Jane's cousins take their lead from their mother. Jane is unhappy and her aunt knows that by treating Jane so badly she is not really obeying her husband's last wish, and Jane always asserts her right to be happy, to be loved above all else.

How does Mrs. Reed treat her children? ›

Mrs Reed is cruel towards Jane, offering her little happiness and punishing her relentlessly. She punishes Jane by locking her in the Red Room and forbidding anyone to let her out. Mrs Reed idolises her children, John, Georgiana and Eliza, making them selfish, egotistical and arrogant.

Why did Pan need the reed? ›

Answer. Answer: He needed the Reed to make a musical instrument.

Why was everyone in the royalty impressed by the new musical instrument? ›

When he played on it, closing and opening some of these holes, soft and melodious sounds were produced. He played the instrument before royalty and everyone was impressed. The instrument so different from the pungi had to be given a new name.

What is the speaker referring to the first line? ›

Answer. Ans. The speaker is referring to the yoke that children would strengthen the nation by firmly standing by the truth.

What does the writer think has changed in the behavior of the river? ›

According to the writer:

The writer thinks that the Poorna river is an important and crucial part of their lives. Poorna used to flow for twelve months straight. Even in the summer times, small stream of water and sand used to flow unbroken. But as their village grew bigger, the river became smaller.

Why does my head feel like it is swimming? ›

Inner ear and balance

Dizziness has many possible causes, including inner ear disturbance, motion sickness and medication effects. Sometimes it's caused by an underlying health condition, such as poor circulation, infection or injury. The way dizziness makes you feel and your triggers provide clues for possible causes.

Why does chlorine give me a headache? ›

Chlorine can irritate the nasal lining and sinus membrane in your nose, which can bring on what's known as a sinus headache. Sinus headaches can also be caused by pressure changes in the water, which can result in your sinuses becoming plugged.

What are the major themes in Browning's poetry? ›

Robert Browning: Poems Themes
  • Death. Much of Browning's work contemplates death and the way that it frames our life choices. ...
  • Truth/Subjectivity. ...
  • Delusion. ...
  • Beauty. ...
  • The quest. ...
  • Religion. ...
  • The grotesque.
6 Jul 2022

What is a 19 line poem called? ›

The villanelle is a specific poetic form that uses repeated lines and a strict rhyming pattern throughout its 19 lines, which are grouped into six separate stanzas. Villanelles have a lyrical quality to them, creating a song-like poem with their structured lines.

Why is Elizabeth Barrett Browning important? ›

Elizabeth Barrett Browning, née Elizabeth Barrett, (born March 6, 1806, near Durham, Durham county, England—died June 29, 1861, Florence, Italy), English poet whose reputation rests chiefly upon her love poems, Sonnets from the Portuguese and Aurora Leigh, the latter now considered an early feminist text.

Which poem is considered to be Browning's masterpiece? ›

Today Browning's critically most esteemed poems include the monologues Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came, Fra Lippo Lippi, Andrea Del Sarto, and My Last Duchess.

How do I love thee Browning analysis? ›

In the poem, the speaker is proclaiming her unending passion for her beloved. She tells her lover just how deeply her love goes, and she also tells him how she loves him. She loves him with all of her beings, and she hopes God will grant her the ability to love him even after she has passed.

Which poem was found obscure and caused damage to Browning's? ›

Browning took trips to Russia in 1834 and Italy in 1837, from which he would draw for future poems. Pauline was followed by Paracelsus (1835); published at Browning's father's expense, it too was ignored, and Sordello (1840) was a critical failure that actually impeded Browning's poetic reputation.

Who did Elizabeth Barrett Browning inspire? ›

Elizabeth's work had a major influence on prominent writers of the day, including the American poets Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson. She is remembered for such poems as "How Do I Love Thee?" (Sonnet 43, 1845) and Aurora Leigh (1856).

What inspired the author to write the poem How Do I Love Thee? ›

For starters, the inspiration behind the work was Elizabeth's love for the man who had, for all intents and purposes, rescued her from a quietly desperate, reclusive lifestyle she led in London, following the accidental death of her closest brother.

What was Elizabeth Barrett Browning's greatest success? ›

Barrett Browning's major achievements are the long verse-novel Aurora Leigh (1857), about a young orphan girl who goes to live in Italy and becomes a successful writer, and the sonnet sequence about her love for Robert, Sonnets from the Portuguese (1850).

What is Pan's weakness? ›

Pan's Most Common Attributes

His main strengths - he's lusty and an able musician - are pretty much the same as his main weaknesses - he's lusty and he likes loud music. In fact, he likes loud, chaotic noise in general.

Who killed pan? ›

Unlike other deities, who by definition are immortal, Pan was believed to have died. As written up by Greek historian Plutarch, Pan's alleged death occurred in the reign of Roman Emperor Tiberius (A.D. 14-37).

What does a pan symbolize? ›

Pan, in Greek mythology, a fertility deity, more or less bestial in form. He was associated by the Romans with Faunus. Originally an Arcadian deity, his name is a Doric contraction of paon (“pasturer”) but was commonly supposed in antiquity to be connected with pan (“all”).

What kind of poem is a musical instrument? ›

'A Musical Instrument' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning describes the decimation of a riverbed and the crafting of the god Pan's famous flute. 'A Musical Instrument' by Elizabeth Barrett Browning is a seven stanza poem that is separated into sets of six lines, or sestets.

What is the name of musical instrument? ›

List of 60+ Musical Instruments Names
PianoFluteVeena
BugleHarpHarmonium
MaracasCymbalAccordion
BellFrench hornBanjo
KeyboardGongPipe organ
11 more rows

What did the reed do when he cruel? ›

Answer. Answer: He tore out a reed, the great god Pan, From the deep cool bed of the river : The limpid water turbidly ran, ... Here the speaker witnesses the “great god” tearing out “a reed from the “deep cool bed of the river.” He is disrupting the peace of the ecosystem in a very violent way.

What is the meaning of the great god Pan? ›

Pan's name is thought to derive from 'paean', the ancient Greek verb meaning 'to pasture'. His half-man, half-goat form reflected his role in protecting flocks of goats and those who herded them among the wild hills of Arcadia.

What is the story of the great god Pan? ›

Arthur Machen's The Great God Pan opens with a mad scientist, Dr Raymond, performing a botched experiment in late-Victorian brain surgery on a young woman, Mary, who is rendered insane after being granted a momentary glimpse into the noumenal universe that exists beyond our own world of surface, though illusory, ...

Who was great pan? ›

Pan was an ancient Greek god, primarily worshipped in Arcadia, who was associated with shepherds and their flocks and with nature. He was believed to lurk in caves, mountains, and other lonely, isolated locations. In some stories, he inflicted his enemies with sudden terror (i.e., panic).

Who wrote the poem a musical instrument? ›

Among all female poets of the English-speaking world in the 19th century, none was held in higher critical esteem or was more admired for the independence and courage of her views than Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

Is a musical instrument? ›

A musical instrument is a device created or adapted to make musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can be considered a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. A person who plays a musical instrument is known as an instrumentalist.

What is the theme of the poem Poetry by Marianne Moore? ›

Marianne Moore's “Poetry” is an investigation into the mysterious art of poetry. At times ironic and serious, Moore considers the opposing methods by which poets convey the world: intellection and imagination. Moore explores the ways poetry appeals to our conscious thoughts and our unconscious feelings.

What is the summary of poetry? ›

poetry, Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through its meaning, sound, and rhythm.

What is the name of musical instrument? ›

List of 60+ Musical Instruments Names
PianoFluteVeena
BugleHarpHarmonium
MaracasCymbalAccordion
BellFrench hornBanjo
KeyboardGongPipe organ
11 more rows

What did the reed do when he cruel? ›

Answer. Answer: He tore out a reed, the great god Pan, From the deep cool bed of the river : The limpid water turbidly ran, ... Here the speaker witnesses the “great god” tearing out “a reed from the “deep cool bed of the river.” He is disrupting the peace of the ecosystem in a very violent way.

Why did he need the reed how was his music? ›

Answer. Answer: He needed the Reed to make a musical instrument.

What is the importance of musical instrument? ›

Learning a musical instrument not only sustains and feeds the brain, but it also improves so many other cognitive and physical aspects of the human body. It's been widely studied and proven that learning a musical instrument improves memory; it not only improves your cognitive memory but also muscle memory as well.

What are the 4 main types of musical instruments? ›

4 Types of Music Instruments: Explained

Woodwind. Brass. Stringed. Percussion.

Do you play a musical instrument meaning? ›

Able to play an instrument is knowing how to position yourself to hold and/or operate the instrument, where and how to apply the external force that sets vibration in motion, and where to strike, strum, or place your fingers on which of its keys, valves, or strings, and how to press them to create and sustain a note.

Why do a summary of a poem? ›

The poem 'Why? ' talks about a curious boy who has a lot of questions in his mind. He wants to know why the wood swims but the lead and marble sink. The little boy is curious to know why the sun shines and the wind blows and why it is necessary to eat and drink.

Can it be poem summary? ›

The poet begins the poem by telling us of the man you always says, “It can't be done.” That person misses all the fun because he does not want to try anything and so he cannot enjoy the feeling of trying out new things or innovating and finding out about different ways of doing things.

What is the meaning of poetry appreciation? ›

Share Cite. Appreciation means to recognize and/or enjoy the good qualities of someone or something. Poetry appreciation is that attitude about poetry. Some people flat out enjoy reading poetry. There isn't a single reason why people that enjoy reading poetry enjoy poetry.

How do you analyze poetry? ›

  1. Try to figure out the meaning of the poem. ...
  2. Imagery is a common technique used by poets to get their meaning across. ...
  3. Look for symbols. ...
  4. Look at the poet's choice of words. ...
  5. Determine the voice and tone of voice of the poem. ...
  6. Determine if the poem has a storyline. ...
  7. Look for a rhyme scheme. ...
  8. Determine the poem's structure.

What is critical summary? ›

A critical summary is a clear and precise review of an article wherein you provide a concise summary. followed by a critical comment. In a critical summary, you must ANALYZE and EVALUATE. You need to: • understand the main points in an article.

How do you write a critical summary of a poem? ›

Give a Precise Summary of Poem: While composing a summary highlight the essential parts of the poem (important phrases, words used). Keep the summary precise. Make sure it is Intelligible to Amateur readers. Writing summary accordant with stanzas of the poem gives more structure to it.

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